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On the internet, there are millions of websites that are up and running. They are hosted and controlled on web servers situated throughout the world. Finding a website and where it's hosted from necessitates the use of a directory; without one, finding websites would be nearly difficult. The Domain Name System, or DNS, is the world's biggest digital database for the internet.

This database provides statistics about every website on the internet. Every website and equipment that connects to the internet has a digital address called an IP address. This database stores a website's domain name as well as its IP address. DNS records are data files that inform a web server how to reply to a request from a search browser.

Details About DNS Records

DNS records are referred to as'mapping files' in computer lingo. When a web server receives a user's request to access a certain website, the request is forwarded to the DNS database. This database searches its records for the IP address of the website in question and sends it to the requesting server. After receiving this data, the requesting server uses the IP address to locate the requested website and display it to the user. DNS syntax refers to the letters that are connected with DNS records. A, AAAA, CNAME, MX, PTR, NS, SOA, SRV, TXT, and NAPTR are some of the most prevalent DNS record syntaxes.

Syntax Of The Domain Name System (DNS) Is Explained

  • The most basic form of syntax in a DNS record is the 'A' syntax. It stands for 'address' and denotes the website's IP address.
  • The 'AAAA' record is an IPV6 address that converts a 128-bit IPV6 address to a hostname.
  • CNAME stands for 'conical name,' and it is used to link subdomains to existing DNS entries.
  • MX stands for mail exchange, and it is used to refer to mail exchange servers.
  • The PTR record, as its name suggests, is a pointer record that links an IPV4 address to a CNAME.
  • The 'NS' record stands for 'name server,' and it specifies which server the domain is hosted on.
  • The 'SOA' record keeps track of crucial details about the domain, such as when it was last updated.
  • The "SRV" record specifies the TCP service used by the domain.
  • Any text can be included into the 'TXT' record by the website administrator.

Why Is It Necessary To Examine DNS Records?

Any website's DNS records include crucial information for webmasters and SEO. These records include information on any website that you might want to visit. You may find the IP address of a domain by looking at the DNS data for that domain. An IP address will tell you from which address the domain is hosted, and if you know how IP addresses are structured, you'll also know from which nation the domain is hosted.

IP addresses are assigned in the same way that phone numbers are. We know that each nation is issued a unique number, which is followed by a city code and finally the real telephone number. You must dial the international code, the area code, and the actual number to make an international call. Similarly, IP addresses are assigned according to a certain scheme.

The other important information that you get when you view DNS records is the addresses of any sub domains that are associated with the domain. Also when the domain was last updated, what is its refresh rate, etc.? You might want to check a competitor’s DNS records and see where it is being hosted from and other information about the website. DNS records are helpful for webmasters and SEOs when setting up or managing a website.